Obesity is defined as an abnormal amount of fat in the body. The term is not generally implied unless the individual is 20% to 30% above average weight for their own age, sex, and height.

The cause of obesity is not well known, but some studies have shown that it is the direct result of an imbalance between food eaten and energy expended, but the true underlying cause is difficult to diagnose and treat. Certain studies have also found a prevalence of obesity among certain families and this shows that there could be some hereditary predisposition to obesity. Some very recent speculation also suggested that obesity could be somehow related to a virus and was in fact a viral infection, but that has not been widely accepted as there is not enough evidence available yet. Prophylaxis in children from families prone to obesity by establishing a moderate diet and exercise regimen along with diet has been shown to be highly beneficial.

An obese person’s diet should be less than maintenance requirements, but all other essential nutrients should be included. Weight loss through fasting is effective, but it is not recommended unless done under strict medical and nursing supervision.

Obesity, in addition to being aesthetically uncomfortable and a source of constant humiliation and inferiority complex in society, also happens to be a leading cause of heart disease, diabetes, sexual dysfunction, obstructive sleep apnea, and orthopedic problems. Obesity is determined by calculating a person’s body mass index, this is a relationship between height and weight and the normal range is between 18 and 24 kg/m2. Obesity happens to be one of the leading preventable causes of chronic debilitating disease as well as death.

In a recent study, it was found that some of the causes of obesity, in addition to those mentioned above, are certain endocrine diseases, certain psychiatric disorders, as well as later-stage pregnancies, as well as selective mating, that is, obese couples who have offspring, sometimes insufficient sleep, and smoking cessation was also found to be causal.

Managing obesity actually involves many different aspects. Starting from a lifestyle change that consists of abandoning a sedentary lifestyle, increasing exercise and more intensive cardiovascular training. So a proper diet laid out by a nutritionist that contains the right mix of carbohydrates, protein, fat, and fiber is imperative. A low-carbohydrate, low-fat diet is the rule among obese patients. Certain diet pills have been found to be quite effective, but since they are stimulant-based, they have been found to be quite addictive and a subsequent increase in dosage was required among certain patients. At the end of the day, it is your willpower that will be your best ally in your battle against obesity. Gone are the days when obesity was considered a socially acceptable state as well as being a symbol of prosperity and well-being, and in today’s world a toned muscular body with zero fat is the norm.

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